Eine Anmerkung zur “Ambiguitätstoleranz”, dem neuen Modewort in den deutschsprachigen Islamwissenschaften:

„To be sure, Islamic law was not enforced everywhere, every time; as in many other legal system, expediency, necessity, favoritism, bribery, inefficiency, politics, and other factors could alter an outcome. But the plain fact is that Islamic law in medieval Spain imposed humiliating conditions on Christian dhimmis to ensure that absolute power remained in the proper hands.‟[note]Darío Fernández-Morera: The Myth of the Andalusian Paradise. Muslims, Christians, and Jews under Islamic Rule in Medieval Spain. Wilmington/ Delaware 2016, S. 209.[/note]

Das hat über Jahrhunderte funktioniert.